Electronic Case Reporting for Sexually Transmitted Infections

A Public Health Reporting Toolkit

Today, most health care providers use manual methods, such as fax or web form, to submit case reports. This manual process is burdensome for both the provider and public health and allows many opportunities for data errors and unreported cases.

Leveraging electronic health record (EHR) data for case reporting of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can dramatically lessen the burden of current manual reporting mechanisms for clinicians and public health agencies alike. Automating the building and sending of STI case reports with EHR technologies promises to improve data accuracy, timeliness and completeness.

This toolkit offers guidance that details case detection logic and the core set of case report data elements for EHR-based electronic case reporting (eCR) of chlamydia and gonorrhea. The content in this toolkit reflects the input of health care professionals, public health practitioners and informaticians to define how EHRs should help primary care providers automatically detect and report STI cases. By advancing the state-of-the-art for eCR, we aim to develop an approach for STIs that may be extended to other conditions.