What about the potential for bias?
Like all indicators, the three that are highlighted in this playbook are susceptible to bias. For example, school readiness of children can be influenced by their access to early care and education, and school disciplinary actions might be influenced by race, gender, and disability status.,, Therefore, it is important to recognize the potential for bias when interpreting and using the data. When interpreting data on school attendance, disciplinary actions, and readiness, it can be helpful to incorporate or consider other data that describe population demographics (e.g., race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status) and presence of learning disabilities (e.g., dyslexia, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder). Data that describe social determinants of health (SDOH) can also be used to better understand populations or subpopulations of interest. SDOH are the conditions in the environments where people are born and live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks. Taking these extra steps can help capture a more holistic view of the population and assist in the accurate interpretation of indicator data.